"sacred men" (from James Gall)
In the first place the great apostasy required that there should be sacred men, to imitate the Jewish priesthood. The Levitical priest was a type of Christ in his Mediatorial character, as the only medium through whom the sinner could communicate with God. The people had no direct access to God, but the priest had access to God, and the people had access to the priest; the priest, therefore, represented Christ as our Mediator, and was therefore a sacred man. But neither in the Edenic nor in the Abrahamic covenant were there any sacred men. The animal sacrifices instituted in Eden were the appointed form of Old Testament worship, and might be offered by any one without the intervention of a priest. It was in the temple system alone that priests were to be found.
In the Apostolic Church therefore, when the temple system was abolished and the Abrahamic covenant alone remained, there were no priests. At the death of Christ the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom, and the holy of holies, which the high priest alone was allowed to enter once a year, was exposed to view; indicating that access to God was open to all without a priest. That being the case, it would have required a direct revelation from God to institute a new order of priesthood, for "no man taketh this honor to himself but he that is called of God, as was Aaron." It must therefore be presumption and profanity for the Romish priests and afterwards the Protestant clergy to do so, seeing that in the New Testament there is no institution of a Christian priesthood. There were apostles and prophets, and evangelists, and pastors (elders), and teachers appointed by Christ, who was the head of the Church, but where do we find any mention of priests? But the Romish apostasy having chosen the temple and its services as the model of the Christian Church and worship, must needs have a priesthood, and accordingly it transformed the pastors and teachers into priests. And as every priest is ordained to offer gifts and sacrifices, of necessity these men must have somewhat to offer. The Lord's Supper was laid hold of and turned into a sacrifice which only Romish priests could offer.